Ideas On How To Live With Cancer

TIP! Skin cancer is the most common kind of cancer that can be easily prevented. Applying sunscreen is a must and using protective clothing, like a hat, is very effective for prevention.

Hearing a cancer diagnosis is a life-altering and emotional time. A million thoughts race through your mind about treatments, life, death, your family, your friends, your job, and more. Although nothing can completely eliminate the stress of dealing with a cancer diagnosis and treatment, the tips given in this article will help to ease the process.

TIP! Many people still have incorrect information about cancer. There are those who may think that cancer is something they can “catch”, or that a cancer diagnosis prevents you from participating in normal activities.

For patients and families, cancer can easily be a very draining experience. You should be checking in with your doctor regularly, as new ways to treat and even cure cancers are always being developed.

TIP! When dealing with cancer, there may be times when it is necessary to advocate for yourself. Some individuals still have outdated views on cancer and will assume that the disease renders you useless and will question your ability to carry out even simple tasks, or they may fear that you could infect them.

In addition to making you feel great in your daily life, maintaining a healthy weight and diet, and getting plenty of exercise, has been shown to reduce the risk of cancer. Follow a healthy diet routine, like nourishing yourself with vegetables and fruits, as well as keeping hydrated with water, while you exercise for at least half a hour every day may reduce your chances of obtaining cancer.

TIP! If someone you know has been diagnosed with cancer, take the time to listen to them. Even though it’s not always the easiest thing to do, you have to allow your loved one the opportunity to communicate his or her thoughts, feelings and emotions.

Make it a priority to sit down and really listen to the feelings and concerns of anyone close to you who has received a cancer diagnosis. It can be hard sometimes, but your loved ones need to be able to express what they are feeling. Be careful to keep your focus on them and do not interject your personal opinions.

TIP! If you want to catch cancer in its earliest stages, know what symptoms to look for. Examples of colon cancer symptoms include sudden, inexplicable weight loss, bloody or thin stools and constant cramping.

Don’t get scared of the discomfort you may feel while getting an examination for breast cancer. Just remember, it is only temporary, it will be over very quickly. The result could be the awareness of cancer that could save both your life and your breasts. That is why it is important not to let your fears get in the way from you getting a screening.

TIP! Colon cancer risks can be reduced by up to 40% through regular exercise. There are a few reasons for this.

As you know by now, there are definitely methods for reducing stress and lessening fears during the difficult period of cancer. Cancer is as individual as the people who have it, so there is no single answer when it comes to treatment. However, there are individual steps within the treatment process that can be adapted to suit your situation. If you use the above advice and fight the good fight, you can get that cancer into remission.

Tips For Helping You Deal With Cancer

TIP! Try to reduce the amount of sugar that you consume, as part of your daily diet. Cancer cells grow faster when they have a supply of glucose, so reducing your intake of sugar could slow down the rate a which the cells multiply.

Hearing a cancer diagnosis is a life-altering and emotional time. A million thoughts race through your mind about treatments, life, death, your family, your friends, your job, and more. Although nothing can completely eliminate the stress of dealing with a cancer diagnosis and treatment, the tips given in this article will help to ease the process.

TIP! You can also reduce your risk of cancer by getting some exercise, as well as maintaining a healthy diet routine. Eating enough vegetables and fruit, drinking lots of water, and working out 30 minutes daily can help improve your life.

There are many theories about your diet and how it can affect cancer. If you eliminate sugar altogether, you may be able to kill cancer cells, as these cells use sugar to help themselves grow and multiply. While this tactic on its own may not eliminate the cancer, it can be used in conjunction with other therapy to combat cancer.

TIP! Smoking cigarettes increases your risk of cancer. While most people are aware that quitting smoking reduces your chances of getting lung cancer or emphysema, smokers may not realize that quitting also helps them avoid colon cancer.

Detecting cancer early can mean the difference between life and death. Have appointments regularly for tests and screenings to detect cancer prior to symptoms showing. Breast and testicular cancers can be detected through self examination, so do this once a month.

Skin Cancer

TIP! Most people know that fish such as wild salmon are very nutritious. However, have you heard that omega 3 and the low mercury in salmon helps prevent cancer? Consuming several servings of salmon each week can assist you in eliminating the cancer cells located in your body.

Skin cancer is among the most common type of cancer, and overexposure to the sun is the leading cause. Protecting yourself with a good sunscreen and a hat will help to prevent skin cancer.

TIP! Communicate your feelings! If it seems like your friends and family are not supporting you enough, politely bring up this topic with them. Let them know, with kindness, how they can help out and why you need that help.

It is important to quit smoking immediately if you are diagnosed with cancer. Many people with cancer make the mistake of thinking that they should not quit smoking because they are already sick. Smoking and the poisons in the cigarette smoke will decrease the effectiveness of your treatment and make it difficult for your body to recover properly.

TIP! Always be ready for a battle. With cancer you are basically in a fight for your life.

As you now know, there are a number of tips and techniques you can use to reduce both the stress and fears involved in coping with cancer. Even though no miraculous cure-all exists for cancer, there are many steps that can be taken to ease the process of dealing with it. If you use the above advice and fight the good fight, you can get that cancer into remission.

You Can Win Your Battle With Cancer

Some cancers are able to affect the healthiest of bodies. The tips below with help you to cope with a cancer diagnosis.

TIP! Getting too much sun can lead to skin cancer, which is among the most prevalent cancers. Always cover your body and face in sunscreen, wear a large brimmed hat to protect the skin on your scalp and face and wear sunglasses to protect your eyes.

The diagnosis of cancer challenges the patient, but it also takes a toll on the family as well. A wide variety of treatment types exist, and some cancers can even be cured, which is why it is important to have good medical advice.

TIP! In the battle against cancer exercise matters. Your blood will flow more easily if you are active.

Finding cancer early on is critical to fighting and beating cancer. Visit your physician and schedule regular screenings for cancer so that you can detect any signs of cancer as soon as it forms. Early detection is critical in fighting this disease. Breast and testicular cancers can be detected through self examination, so do this once a month.

TIP! It’s especially important for cancer patients to quit smoking. The sooner you quit after receiving your diagnosis, the better your chances for long-term recovery from the disease.

Keeping your weight down, eating a healthy diet and getting enough exercise can not only make you feel great every day, but can also reduce your risk of cancer. Eat lots of vegetables and fruit, drink adequate water and aim for 30 minutes of exercise a day. Not only will it improve your life, it could reduce your risk of cancer.

TIP! If you, or a person whom you know, is afflicted with cancer, you have to read whatever you can on this topic. Your confidence is, in reality, very important in these circumstances.

Exposure to too much sun can cause cancer, skin cancer is perhaps the most common type. Always cover your body and face in sunscreen, wear a large brimmed hat to protect the skin on your scalp and face and wear sunglasses to protect your eyes.

TIP! Depression can cause your health to lapse; and thus, can allow the cancer to grow. They might even give up on life totally.

A lot of people are ignorant or rely on outdated information about cancer. For example, you will run into plenty of people who believe cancer is somehow contagious. Adopt an honest attitude.

TIP! Most people know that fish such as wild salmon are very nutritious. However, are you aware that salmon is packed with healthy omega-3 fatty acids? These properties have been linked to cancer prevention.

Cancer can affect many different areas of the human body and there are loads of different useful tips you can implement that will help you to fight the disease. Reading this article has hopefully given you some ideas to try or, at the very least, a more positive attitude about your future despite your cancer diagnosis.

Confused About Cancer? These Tips Can Help!

TIP! Eating too much sugar will make cancer cells grow. Cancer cells live on sugar, so removing sugar from your daily food intake has positive effects on starving cancer cells.

Hearing a cancer diagnosis is a life-altering and emotional time. A million thoughts race through your mind about treatments, life, death, your family, your friends, your job, and more. Although nothing can completely eliminate the stress of dealing with a cancer diagnosis and treatment, the tips given in this article will help to ease the process.

Cancer Cells

TIP! You will feel better, look better, and have a better chance of avoiding cancer if you pay attention to your diet and get adequate exercise. Eating plenty of vegetables and fruit, drinking water, and exercising for 30 minutes every day can help to keep cancer at bay and help you to live a healthy and happy life.

Avoid eating sugary foods to prevent cancer cell growth. Cancer cells live on sugar, so removing sugar from your daily food intake has positive effects on starving cancer cells. Do not expect to battle cancer with small changes like these. You will have to transform your lifestyle and work hard.

TIP! Be cautious and understand that some of the vegetables and fruits that you buy could be contaminated. They are often sprayed with pesticides to prevent bugs, fungus, and bacteria from destroying them.

Maintaining your health with a healthy weight, a nutritious diet, and exercise is important because they reduce your chance of cancer, and increase your ability to fight cancer. Be sure to drink lots of fresh, purified water, eat a great deal of fresh fruits and veggies and get half an hour of moderate exercise daily. This will improve the quality of your life and help you avoid cancer.

TIP! Smoking can cause emphysema and lung cancer, as well as colon cancer. The smoke you breathe in causes carcinogens to build up in the colon.

If you are a smoker and you are diagnosed with cancer, then you need to become tobacco free immediately. Many people who have cancer erroneously believe that there is no point in quitting smoking since they are ill already. That’s wrong, though. Cigarettes are called “cancer sticks” for a reason. The chemicals in the cigarettes significantly reduce the chance that you will recover.

TIP! Make sure you read whatever literature you can on the subject, if you or someone you know, has cancer. It’s crucial to have a high level of confidence.

See to it that you read all that you can on cancer if you, or a loved one, is experiencing it. You can’t have too much confidence when dealing with cancer, after all.

TIP! Don’t let the thought of some mild discomfort discourage you if you need to be screened for breast cancer. Any discomfort that you feel will only last a couple of minutes.

As you see, there are numerous ways where you can decrease your stress, and reduce your fears about your cancer diagnosis. Although there is no magic, one-size-fits-all method for dealing with cancer, there are small ways to make the process easier. If you apply the advice provided in the above article, you’ll have a better mindset for defeating your cancer.

Dealing With A Spouse That Has Cancer

TIP! Try to reduce the amount of sugar that you consume, as part of your daily diet. Some evidence suggests that sugar helps cancer cells to thrive, so stop eating sugary foods.

Hearing a cancer diagnosis is a life-altering and emotional time. A million thoughts race through your mind about treatments, life, death, your family, your friends, your job, and more. Although nothing can completely eliminate the stress of dealing with a cancer diagnosis and treatment, the tips given in this article will help to ease the process.

TIP! Cancer can be difficult for the patient as well as all the family members. There is always hope.

For patients and families, cancer can easily be a very draining experience. Because most forms of cancer are curable if caught early enough, it is important that you consult with as many professionals as you can as often as you can.

TIP! Getting too much sun can lead to skin cancer, which is among the most prevalent cancers. To prevent skin cancer, protect your face with a hat, and do not forget to apply sunscreen diligently.

It’s essential to get enough exercise, and to be on a healthy diet, to reduce the cancer risks. Mix your diet with a good deal of fresh fruits and vegetables to put a nice bow on your daily routine. These little changes can make a huge difference in your well-being.

Skin Cancer

TIP! If you are active, your chance of being diagnosed with colon cancer goes down by about 40%. There are a few reasons for this.

Exposure to the sun is the leading cause of skin cancer. Skin cancer is a very common type of cancer. Try putting on a hate to help keep your face out of the sun.

TIP! Depression can have a negative impact on your overall health and increase the likelihood that your cancer will grow. A depressed person does not have the energy to fight against cancer.

There are many common myths concerning cancer that people still believe. They may fear that your disease is something that is contagious, or that you can no longer perform your job at work. Adopt an honest attitude.

TIP! You must not shy away from a little pain if you require a screening for breast cancer. The discomfort lasts for only a few minutes.

When you quit smoking, you reduce your risk of emphysema and lung cancer, and you also reduce the risk for colon cancer. Smoking can enlarge polyps in the colon due to the cancerous chemicals from the tobacco. These are a few of the many reasons you need to quit smoking.

TIP! To avoid feelings of dissatisfaction, intentionally form the expectation that not all of your expectations will in actuality be met. Feel grateful for the support that others give you.

Having a good knowledge about cancer will give you the ability to take control of your treatment, reduce your stress and live more freely. Finding treatments that work for you will be very a personal thing, with many options and applications, but there are ways to minimize the learning process. Using what you’ve learned here, and being patient, will lead you to a positive attitude, which can help you beat cancer!

Hang In There: Cancer Fighting Tips And Tricks

TIP! Figuring out what’s going on before it happens can help when dealing with cancer. Be sure to get screenings and make appointments for them that include tests so you can be aware of any cancer cells that are starting to develop.

Hearing a cancer diagnosis is a life-altering and emotional time. A million thoughts race through your mind about treatments, life, death, your family, your friends, your job, and more. Although nothing can completely eliminate the stress of dealing with a cancer diagnosis and treatment, the tips given in this article will help to ease the process.

TIP! Eating a healthy diet and keeping your body weight within the healthy range can not only make sure feel good about life, but it can also reduce the risk of you developing some types of cancer. Do the usual things, including eating fruits and vegetables, drinking eight glasses of water per day, and exercising 30 minutes per day, five days per week.

You can overcome any cancer through early detection. Make sure that you make appointments regularly for screenings and tests that can detect the presence of cancer cells before symptoms begin to show. Do a self examination once monthly, to check for breast or testicular cancer.

TIP! A cancer diagnosis means you should stop smoking immediately. There are some cancer sufferers who do not quit smoking as they are of the mindset that it no longer matters now that they are already ill.

Keeping a healthy level of body weight lets you feel great overall, but diet and exercise are also proven preventers of most cancers. Mix your diet with a good deal of fresh fruits and vegetables to put a nice bow on your daily routine. These little changes can make a huge difference in your well-being.

TIP! Make sure that you are fully prepared for any of the physical side effects associated with cancer treatments. Ask your doctor to explain all the side effects of any medication or other treatment he prescribes for your cancer.

Be aware of certain changes that may take place as you undergo cancer therapy. Ask your doctor about different side effects. If your hair falls out as a result of chemotherapy, you many want to purchase a wig. If your skin becomes pale, as a result of cancer treatments, you might want to wear special makeup.

Colon Cancer

TIP! Many people think that smoking only causes emphysema and lung cancer; however, smoking also causes colon cancer. Inhaling tobacco smoke moves carcinogens into your colon, while the tobacco can even help colon polyps grow larger.

Know various symptoms of various types of cancer to detect it early, like colon cancer. Symptoms such as sudden or rapid weight loss, bloody stool, thin stools and abdominal cramping may point to colon cancer. If you have any colon cancer symptoms, don’t procrastinate about making an appointment. Early detection is key to keeping colon cancer under control.

TIP! When a loved one is faced with cancer, it is important to help them with doctor appointments. Having a person in the room with a clearer head is great for asking any questions and addressing concerns you might have for the doctor.

Having a good knowledge about cancer will give you the ability to take control of your treatment, reduce your stress and live more freely. While there is no instant cure for cancer yet, there are many tips that can help you to deal with the situation. You can overcome cancer by following these tips and keeping a positive outlook.

The Difficulties Of Cancer: Advice On Moving Forward

TIP! Figuring out what’s going on before it happens can help when dealing with cancer. Be diligent with screening tests so that you can detect any problems before symptoms appear.

Hearing a cancer diagnosis is a life-altering and emotional time. A million thoughts race through your mind about treatments, life, death, your family, your friends, your job, and more. Although nothing can completely eliminate the stress of dealing with a cancer diagnosis and treatment, the tips given in this article will help to ease the process.

TIP! It is important to quit smoking immediately if you are diagnosed with cancer. Some people who have cancer mistakenly think they can keep smoking because the damage is already done.

To prevent cancer from growing, stay away from eating sugar. Sugar is what cancer cells use to grow, so eliminating sugar completely can help to starve out your cancer. Although this tactic alone will not eliminate cancer, it can help to combat it.

Cancer is a trying ordeal for a person and his or her family. Consult a physician with regularity, since many treatment options exist for cancer.

TIP! Allow someone diagnosed with cancer to freely communicate their feelings. You may find it awkward to do at first, but your loved one will benefit greatly from the opportunity to talk, as well as from knowing that you cared enough to take the first step.

Remember that the vegetables and fruits you purchase may be contaminated. They are often sprayed with pesticides to prevent bugs, fungus, and bacteria from destroying them. Prior to consumptions, wash them with a mild soap to remove these pesticides or buy foods that have had minimal exposure to pesticides.

TIP! If a family or friend has cancer, it is helpful for you to go to their appointments with them. Sometimes, your presence will help your loved one open up about concerns, or they can turn to you for clarification.

Make it a priority to sit down and really listen to the feelings and concerns of anyone close to you who has received a cancer diagnosis. Give your loved one a chance to express all of his deep feelings about his diagnosis and do your best to listen attentively. Make sure not to give your personal opinions or interrupt; this time is for them.

TIP! It is important to read everything you can about cancer, so that you can be informed. Confidence is quite important under these circumstances.

It’s important to know the symptoms of internal cancers so you can be vigilant in detecting them. Symptoms such as sudden or rapid weight loss, bloody stool, thin stools and abdominal cramping may point to colon cancer. Any indication of symptoms like these should send you straight to the doctor for tests.

TIP! You must not shy away from a little pain if you require a screening for breast cancer. Just remember, it is only temporary, it will be over very quickly.

There are many methods and resources to help ease your stress and allay your fears about dealing with cancer in your life. There isn’t a single treatment that can address all types of cancer, but there are some common threads to the treatments that can help you deal with cancer effectively. This article will mentally prepare you to defeat cancer.

What To Look For When Choosing An Oncologist

TIP! Sugar can contribute to cancer growing in your body, so reduce your consumption of this product. Sugar supports and feeds cancer cells.

Hearing a cancer diagnosis is a life-altering and emotional time. A million thoughts race through your mind about treatments, life, death, your family, your friends, your job, and more. Although nothing can completely eliminate the stress of dealing with a cancer diagnosis and treatment, the tips given in this article will help to ease the process.

Cancer Cells

TIP! If you are a smoker and you are diagnosed with cancer, then you need to become tobacco free immediately. There are some cancer sufferers who do not quit smoking as they are of the mindset that it no longer matters now that they are already ill.

Avoid the consumption of sugar to prevent the growth of cancer cells. Sugar supports and feeds cancer cells. Starve cancer cells by withholding sugar! By itself, this is not a sufficient treatment to beat cancer, but it can serve as a supplement to other therapies.

TIP! Be cautious and understand that some of the vegetables and fruits that you buy could be contaminated. They are sprayed repeatedly with pesticides during the production process, both while in the field, and being boxed for shipping.

Cancer not only turns the patient’s life upside down, but also his family’s. A wide variety of treatment types exist, and some cancers can even be cured, which is why it is important to have good medical advice.

TIP! It’s important to find your voice and state your needs, wants and feelings clearly. Sometimes you may choose to answer difficult questions so that others can understand what you’re going through, while other times you may need to set limits on what you will talk about and stick to them.

In addition to making you feel great in your daily life, maintaining a healthy weight and diet, and getting plenty of exercise, has been shown to reduce the risk of cancer. Include bountiful servings of both fruits and vegetables in your diet, stay thoroughly hydrated and workout a daily half hour to ward off cancer and enhance your general life and well-being.

TIP! It is important to read everything you can about cancer, so that you can be informed. Being confident plays a major role in fighting cancer.

Getting too much sun can lead to skin cancer, which is among the most prevalent cancers. Be sure to use sunscreen and wear a sun hat to protect yourself from the rays of the sun.

TIP! Lots of people understand that fish, such as salmon, is extremely healthy for their bodies. But are you aware that salmon has low levels of mercury and omega-3 fatty acids that can help in the prevention of cancer? Eating a few servings of wild salmon every week can help you battle cancer-causing cells in the body.

As you face your fears and start your cancer treatments, make use of the advice above to live the best life that you can. Cancer is as individual as the people who have it, so there is no single answer when it comes to treatment. However, there are individual steps within the treatment process that can be adapted to suit your situation. You can overcome cancer by following these tips and keeping a positive outlook.

Great Tips That Can Help You With Cancer

TIP! To prevent cancer from growing, stay away from eating sugar. Because cancer cells absolutely thrive on sugar, so cutting it out of your diet is like starving them.

Hearing a cancer diagnosis is a life-altering and emotional time. A million thoughts race through your mind about treatments, life, death, your family, your friends, your job, and more. Although nothing can completely eliminate the stress of dealing with a cancer diagnosis and treatment, the tips given in this article will help to ease the process.

Cancer not only turns the patient’s life upside down, but also his family’s. There are many ways to deal with cancer, so consult with a doctor regularly.

TIP! Eating a healthy diet and keeping your body weight within the healthy range can not only make sure feel good about life, but it can also reduce the risk of you developing some types of cancer. Eating enough vegetables and fruit, drinking lots of water, and working out 30 minutes daily can help improve your life.

It’s essential to get enough exercise, and to be on a healthy diet, to reduce the cancer risks. A healthy lifestyle which includes adequate water, fresh vegetables and fruits and 30 minutes per day of healthy exercise will not only help protect you from cancer, but it will help you live your best life.

TIP! Know various symptoms of various types of cancer to detect it early, like colon cancer. Warning signs that might indicate colon cancer include situations like sudden and inexplicable drops in weight, cramping and stool that is filled with blood or increasingly thin.

Cancer patients who smoke should commit to quitting as soon as possible. One of the worst things you can do after being diagnosed with cancer is to continue smoking or using tobacco products. There is no sound basis for assuming that continuing this unhealthy habit is justified by illness. That’s wrong, though. Cigarettes are called “cancer sticks” for a reason. The chemicals in the cigarettes significantly reduce the chance that you will recover.

TIP! You can dramatically lower your chances of getting colon cancer by about 40% through regular exercise. There are a few reasons for this.

Be prepared for physical changes that could occur from the cancer treatments. Ask your doctor about different side effects. Take care with your appearance during treatment. A wig can help you retain your normal appearance. If you see that your face is pale, use some makeup.

TIP! Smokers should quit smoking cigarettes. Smoking can cause lung cancer, emphysema and even colon cancer.

You can now see that there are numerous ways that you can reduce the stress and fear that normally accompany an unexpected cancer diagnosis, and you can also reduce feelings of anxiety during treatment. Unfortunately, there isn’t a single method of managing cancer that works for everyone; however, you can apply small methods of easing this process. If you use the above advice and fight the good fight, you can get that cancer into remission.

The Mighty Cancer Battle: Tips For Winning Your Life

TIP! Besides being a great way to have energy for your everyday life, an effective exercise routine, maintaining your ideal weight and eating a nutritious diet will also help to prevent cancer. Maintain a diet rich in vegetables and fruits, drink lots of water and a minimum 30 minutes of exercise each day to help keep your body from developing cancer.

You may understand the way free radicals trigger uncontrolled cell growth, which leads to cancer. There are a lot of things you can do to prevent this from happening, or battle this illness if you are diagnosed with it. This article will give some practical information about cancer.

TIP! Remember that you still need exercise, even when you have cancer. When you exercise, you help to get the blood flowing throughout your body.

Eating well and exercising regularly has been proven to reduce the chances of developing cancer. Be sure to drink lots of fresh, purified water, eat a great deal of fresh fruits and veggies and get half an hour of moderate exercise daily. This will improve the quality of your life and help you avoid cancer.

Blood Flow

TIP! Many fruits and vegetables that are purchased from the grocery store have been exposed to various chemicals. They are often sprayed with pesticides to prevent bugs, fungus, and bacteria from destroying them.

Exercise is always important, and this is true of you are in a cancer fight. Exercising encourages blood flow all through your body. Increased blood flow throughout your body helps chemotherapy and other cancer treatments circulate better and attack more cancer cells.

TIP! If you want to catch cancer early, learn the warning signs. Things like bloody stool, unexplained weight loss, cramping and thinning stools can be symptoms of colon cancer.

The moment you receive a cancer diagnosis, you have to stop smoking immediately. A lot of people who are afflicted with cancer have the mistaken idea that there is no longer any point in giving up cigarettes since they are already seriously ill. Cigarettes contain carcinogens that can make it harder for you to beat the cancer.

TIP! Smokers ought to know that giving up cigarettes doesn’t just cut down on their odds of emphysema and lung cancer, but also colon cancer. Inhaling tobacco smoke moves carcinogens into your colon, while the tobacco can even help colon polyps grow larger.

You want to understand all the symptoms that are associated with different types of cancer. Unexplained loss of weight, bloody stools or cramps can all be early warning symptoms of colon cancer. Go to a doctor if you notice any of these symptoms.

TIP! Fear of fighting the disease can add damaging stress to your life. You’ll maximize your chances for victory over the cancer if you go into it with a fighting attitude.

Never take anything for granted when you have cancer. Learn all that you can about cancer subjects, because this will give you a better understanding of ways to treat cancer. There are few worse problems one can have than a cancer diagnosis. Take the information that you have learned here to help you fight against the devastating effects of cancer.